Mercury, potash, marble, sulfur, dwindling natural gas and crude oil reserves, fish, coal, arable land.
Countries Italy Borders on: France, Switzerland, Austria and Slovenia.
Arable land: 31%
Permanent crops: 8%
Permanent pastures: 25%
Forests and woodland: 15%
Other: 21% (1993 est.)
2,100 square kilometres (810 sq mi) (1993 est.)
Regional risks include landslides, mudflows, avalanches, earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, flooding and land subsidence in Venice.
Contiguous zone: 24 nmi (44.4 km; 27.6 mi)
Continental shelf: 200-metre depth (660 ft) or to the depth of exploitation
Territorial sea: 12 nmi (22.2 km; 13.8 mi)
Air pollution from industrial emissions such as sulphur dioxide; coastal and inland rivers polluted from industrial and agricultural effluents; acid rain damaging lakes; inadequate industrial waste treatment and disposal facilities.
Strategic location dominating central Mediterranean as well as southern sea and air approaches to Western Europe.